When a woman has had no periods for 12 consecutive months she is considered to be “Postmenopausal”.
Most women become menopausal naturally between the ages of 45 and 55 years, with the average age of onset at around 50 years.
Bleeding after menopause, also known as post menopausal bleeding (PMB), is a condition characterized by vaginal bleeding in women after 12 months of menopause.
PMB may be related to those young women who are suffering from premature ovarian failure or premature menopause.
In most cases, PMB is harmless, but sometimes it may be secondary to an underlying medical disorder. Hence bleeding after menopause should be carefully investigated.
Common causes of post menopausal bleeding include:
The cause of PMB can be determined by
Treatment of the PMB depends on the underlying cause of bleeding. Management of some of the common causes of PMB is as follow:
The treatment of advanced endometrial cancer may include additional hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Early detection and treatment of the cancer can result in full recovery.